Persian carpet The Persian carpet is an essential part of Persian art and culture. Carpet-weaving is undoubtedly one of the most distinguished manifestations of Persian culture and art, and dates back to ancient Persia Persian carpets can be divided into three groups; Farsh / Qāli (sized anything greater than 6×4 feet), Qālicheh (قالیچه, meaning "small rug", sized 6×4 feet and smaller), and nomadic carpets known as Gelim (گلیم; including زیلو Zilu, meaning "rough carpet"). In this use, Gelim includes both pile rugs and flat weaves (such as kilim and soumak). History The art of carpet weaving existed in Persia (or Iran) in ancient times, according to evidence such as the 2500-year-old Pazyryk carpet, dating back to 500 B.C., during the Achaemenid period. The first documented evidence on the existence of Persian carpets comes from Chinese texts dating back to the Sassanid period (224 – 641 AD). By the sixth century, Persian carpets of wool or silk were renowned in court circles throughout the region. The Bahârestân (spring) carpet of Khosrow I was made for the main audience hall of the Sassanid imperial Palace at Ctesiphon in the Sassanid province of Khvârvarân (in present-day Iraq). It was 450 feet (140 m) long and 90 feet (27 m) wide and depicted a formal garden. In the 8th century A.D. Azarbaijan Province was among the largest centers of carpet and rough carpet (ziloo) weaving in Persia (Iran). During the reigns of the Seljuq and Ilkhanate dynasties, carpet weaving was still a booming business, and a mosque built by Ghazan Khan in Tabriz, in northwestern Persia, was covered with superb Persian carpets. most famous Persian carpet from this period is a large Safavid (1501–1736) There is much variety among classical Persian carpets of the 16th and 17th century. There are numerous sub-regions that contribute distinctive designs to Persian carpets of this period such as Tabriz and Lavar Kerman. Common motifs include scrolling vine networks, arabesques, palmettes, cloud bands, medallions, and overlapping geometric compartments rather than animals and humans. Figural designs are particularly popular in the Iranian market and are not nearly as common in carpets exported to the west Modern period Although carpet production is now mostly mechanized, traditional hand woven carpets are still widely found all around the world, and usually have higher prices than their machine woven counterparts due to them being an artistic presentation. Materials Wool is the most common material for carpets but cotton is frequently used for the foundation of city and workshop carpets. There are a wide variety in types of wool used for weaving. Silk carpets are less common than wool carpets since silk is more expensive and less durable; they tend to increase in value with age. Due to their rarity, value and lack of durability, silk carpets are often displayed on the wall like tapestries rather than being used as floor coverings. Design Design can be described in terms of the manner in which it organizes the field of the rug. One basic design may serve the entire field, or the surface may be covered by a pattern of repeating figures. Layout Persian rugs are typically designed using one of four patterns: all-over, central medallion, compartment and one-sided Knots Two basic knots are used in most Persian Carpets and Oriental rugs: the symmetrical Turkish or Ghiordes knot (used in Turkey, the Caucasus, East Turkmenistan, and some Turkish and Kurdish areas of Iran), and the asymmetrical Persian or Senneh knot (Iran, India, Turkey, Pakistan, China, and Egypt). The Persian knot is used for finer rugs. The yarn is wrapped around only one warp, then passed behind the adjacent warp so that it divides the two ends of the yarn. The Persian knot may open on the left or the right, and rugs woven with this knot are generally more accurate and symmetrical. Flat-woven carpets Flat woven carpets are given their colour and pattern from the weft which is tightly intertwined with the warp. Rather than an actual pile, the foundation of these rugs gives them their design. The weft is woven between the warp until a new colour is needed, it is then looped back and knotted before a new colour is implemented. Images: 1-Pazyryk Carpet -Material: Cotton, Silk and Wool - Kind of Knot: Symmetrical-Knot Count: 50 Radj - Date of wave: 20 Century A.D- Dimensions:211X180cm Origin: The Pazyryk Carpet, the oldest known surviving carpet in the world, 5th century BC 2-Four Season Carpet: The main areas of exquisite carpets woven in Tabriz rug is famous Four Seasons divided into four sections within their four corners monument engraved and decorated with pictures of the great prophets of the carpet. It measures 220 x 298 cm valuable carpets and fabric on it early last century and its whereabouts Carpet Museum of Iran. 3-Zodiac Carpet: Materials: Cotton and Wool- Kind of Knot: Asymmetrical- Knot Count: 55Radj- Date of Wave: Late 19th Century A.D- Dimensions:218X145cm 4-Kerman Mille Pluer: Design: Pictorial Famous Figures- Warp: Cotton-Pile: Wool- Date of wave:1910-Knots/dcmsquare:10.000 5-Roman Mythology Carpet: Warp: Cotton-Pile: Wool- Location of Wave: Kerman- Date of wave: 1910- Knots/dcmsquare: 7,500 Ordered by Mohammadreza Khan
I was born and raised in Tehran, (I live In Tehran & Toronto), Graduate from Dentistry and work as a Dentist, interested in Digital Photography from 2004 and this encouraged me to learn more about this Art. I’ve studied at "Tehran Fine Art University" Faculty of photography as a freelance student for 1 year and work as Freelance photographer with interest in Fine Art photography. I was fortune enough to visit some important contemporary Art Galleries in different part of the word such as Paris ,Toronto , Vancouver, New Delhi , …These different experiences makes me more interested in fine art photography and creating conceptual and surreal images . I’ve recently been making images combination of Forms, Including Human and Elements such as sculptures paper works and … to make my idea more impressive.